Jahrbuch StadtRegion 2017/2018
Schwerpunkt: Housing Policies in Europe
Over the last decades, housing politics have deeply changed in Europe. In the post-war period, welfare state oriented housing, especially for lower income groups and/or households with children with corresponding attributes, has been widely spread, for example in terms of large residential areas in huge metropolises, which have been supported by public funds. Thereby, public housing could have been especially oriented on rental apartments (e.g. West Germany) or generating ownership (e.g. Spain). In many European countries in the 1990s started a withdrawal of public actors and a cession of housing to private companies. An actively operated public housing policy has not only in Germany been temporarily considered as unnecessary. Accordingly, public housing stocks have been liquidated and housing policy adjustment screws for the city development disappeared from the perception of the local policy.
The privatization of housing commons on the one hand and rises of the real estate price over the past ten years in many large European metropolises on the other hand – also in light of missing alternatives for global floating capital as a macroeconomic general condition – are recently confronted with social movements, which have been gained political influence at a local level in Madrid, Berlin and elsewhere. These developments clearly show the political and social need for fundamentally new forms of participation in housing, in rental-regulation and in general in all political decisions for urban land use. Examples for changing frameworks on which urban policy today has to react are occupations and evictions in all large cities of Spain, growing protests against city development projects including accommodation projects or presumed new competition because of increasing migration. On the civic side also new or rediscovered accommodation projects develop in the form of construction-groups, tenement syndicates and other community-oriented commons. For housing politics, these new developments mean, that it has no longer to be thought in extensive dimensions – e.g. in form of big social housing estates in the outskirts – but rather specifically to focus on special groups of actors and at the same time concentrating much more on smaller inner urban areas.
The main topic of this special issue shall demonstrate these dimensions of living in context with housing politics in a European perspective, exemplified for different cities, and discus new policy approaches relating to the urban living. Therefore, central and peripheral locations in different European agglomerations will be focused not only through spatial perspectives, but also from socio-economic and urban policy points of view and their mutual interrelations.
Übersicht über die geplanten Schwerpunktbeiträge (Arbeitstitel)
– Housing in Europe: Contentious housing politics in European metropolises Buildig Fair?
– Assessing Berlin’s new planning instrument ‚Kooperative Baulandentwicklung‘
– French housing policy between National and Local: the case of „Grand Paris“.
– Housing markets of Poznan metropolitan area under the conditions of liberal economy and liberal spatial planning
– Housing and housing policies in Madrid in the light of real estate crisis, protests and new regulatory policies
– Housing commons and privatization in Copenhagen